Instrumentation

Synthesis

Schlenk lines

  • Two separated Schlenk lines (8 reaction stands) equipped with Vacumbrandt RZ6 rotary vane vacum pumps, DCP 3000 vacuum gauges
  • Reaction temerature control with Juchheim LTR 2500 digital controllers
  • Inert N2 o Ar atmosphere
  • Winkler heating mantles
  • Pressure control with air anti-return valves

Reactor Berghof BR-100

  • High-pressure reactor equipped with magnetic stirrer and hot plate used as a system for hydrothermal/solvothermal syntheses.
  • Pressure max.: 200 bar, temperature max. 250°C
  • Simple heating and stirring using a heating plate with heater block and magnetic bars
  • Volume of vessel: 100 ml
  • The reactor is locked with a quick-lock chain that is manually applied, without the need for tools
  • As an option is a liquid and/or gas sample extraction device
  • Ractor is equipped with advanced temperature controller

Reactor Berghof DAB-2

  • A modular system applied to synthesis in up to six stainleess vessels under hydrothermal/solvothermal conditions at the same time.
  • Pressure max. 200 bar, temperature max. 250°C
  • Heating on a hot plate
  • Volume of vessels: 50 ml, number of vessels: max. 6
  • Rupture discs in each pressure vessel
  • PTFE-inserts may be used for storage of reaction mixtures
  • Easy handling
  • Tool-free opening and closure of quick release closures (tensioning rings and chains)
  • Swagelok connections which can be opened and closed by the operator
  • No crosses and T-pieces in valves and fittings which simplifies cleaning of all part

Reactor Haas HA BL12 with HYD-50 vessels

  • A modular system applied to synthesis in up to twelve stainless steel 304 vessels under hydrothermal/solvothermal conditions at the same time.
  • Teflon liner allows using pressure max. 30 bar, temperature max. 230°C; PPL liner allows to use temperature max. 280°C
  • The volume of vessels: 50 ml, number of vessels: 12
  • Heating on a hot plate with programmable time and temperature 
  • Heating rate 5℃/ min
  • Possible water cooling
  • Tool-free opening and closing
  • Simple design for easy cleaning

Reactor Ertec Magnum II

  • A laboratory device used for the chemical synthesis in Teflon containers at increased temperature and pressure. The processes are accelerated by the presence of the microwave energy.
  • Temperature max. 300ºC
  • Pressure max. 5MPa (50 bar)
  • Capacity of vessels: 108 cm3
  • Cooling pressure head: Water
  • The possibility of carrying out the reaction while controlling the power reflected from the sample in a Teflon vessel.
  • Monitoring the reaction temperatures and pressures.

Solvothermal reactor - Amar Equipments

  • Reactor with magnetic stirring for preparing materials (e.g.: metal or oxide nanoparticles) under high-pressure and temperature condition.
  • The device is equipped with a heating controler with a timer, which allows to program multiple temperatures and heating times for a single reaction. Reactor can be pre-filled with argon (up to ~10 bar) or nitrogen (up to ~45 bar).
  • Max. operating temperature: 200oC
  • Max. operating pressure: 200 bar
  • Teflon vessel volume: ~200 mL

Reactor HRTJ (for large volumes)

  • A single-vessel, stainless steel SS316,  hydrothermal/solvothermal reactor
  • Temperature max. 175°C
  • The volume of the Teflon-lined vessel: 750 ml
  • Electric heating
  • Magnetic stirring
  • Digital temperature controller

Nabertherm Muffle Furnace LT 15/13/P330

  • max. temp.: 1300°C
  • minutes to Tmax: 60
  • working temp.: 0 to 40°C
  • storage temp.: -20°C to 75°C
  • volume: 15 L
  • power: 3.8 kW
  • heating from two sides
  • exhaust air outlet in rear wall of furnace
  • real time clock

Tube furnace with reducing atmosphere

  • Compact tube furnaces Nabertherm R 50/500/12 with integrated control systems equipped with gas supply system for non-flammable, protective or reactive gases (e.g. Ar, N2, H2/N2 5/95)/vacuum operations (vacuum pump Pascal 2005, SD Version with pumping speed at 50 Hz 5 m³/h).
  • Tmax 1200 °C
  • Outer tube diameter of 50 mm, heated length 500 mm
  • Ceramic working tube C610 (gastight, heat-up/cool-down ramp max. 300 K/h) with 2 vacuum-tight, water-cooled stainless steel flanges of 1.4301 with fittings on the outlet side.
  • Thermocouple type N
  • Controller B410 (5 programs with each 4 segments).

Memmert Universal Oven UN55

  • temp. range: 5°C to 300°C
  • internals: 1 stainless steel grid, large-area heating of four sides
  • interior dimensions: 400 x 400 x 300 mm- external dimensions approx.: 730 x 950 x 670 mm
  • max. loading of chamber: 80 kg
  • volume: 53 L- weight: 57 kg

Rotary evaporator Rotavapor R-300 BUCHI

  • Vacuum pump V-100 and
  • Vacuum controller I-100 
  • Water/oil bath B-305 (20-220 st. Cel.  5L)
  • Vertical condenser type V
  • Plastic cover P+G
  • Power supply 220-240V
  • efficiency 1,5 m3/h
  • absolute final vacuum , <10 mbar
  • manual lift
  • flask rotation controller

Centrifuge Hettich Zentrifugen Universal 320 (classic)

  • power supply: 200-240 V 1~
  • frequency: 50-60 Hz
  • consumption: 400 VA
  • emission, immunity: EN/IEC 61326-1, class B
  • max. capacity: 8 x 85 mL / 4 x 100 mL / 32 x 15 mL
  • max. RPM (speed): 15000 min-1 (4000 min-1 – room 3.115)
  • max. RCF: 21382- running time: 1 sec – 99 min, continuous run, short cycle mode (impulse key)
  • dimensions: 346 x 395 x 520 mm- weight: 31 kg

Centrifuge MPW 380 (for large volumes)

  • power supply: 230 V; 50/60 Hz
  • Capacity: 2 x 250 mL
  • max. RPM (revolutions per minute): 90 ÷ 18 000

Luminescence and properties

Laser system

Excitation sources:

  • Tunable 225-2300nm Opolette 355LD UVDM pulsed laser with repetition rate of 20 Hz (Opotek Inc.)
  • FC-975 nm (CW) LASER, 2W (after fiber), power stability <1%, 400 μm silica fiber (metal cover), 2 m length, LCD display, TTL 1Hz-5kHz (CNI Lasers)
  • Continuous 980 nm diode-pumped solid-state laser (Dragonlasers, 2 W)

Detection:

  • QuantaMasterTM 40 spectrophotometer (Photon Technology International) with R928 (200 - 900 nm), R5108 (400 - 1200 nm) and H10330C-75 (950 - 1700 nm) photomultipliers as a detectors (from Hamamatsu)
  • PIXIS:256E Digital CCD Camera equipped with SP-2156 Imaging Spectrograph (Princeton Instruments)

Other elements:

  • Barium sulfate-coated integrating sphere with 80 mm diameter (Photon Technology International)
  • 10A-PPS sensor measures laser beam size and position as well as power and energy (Ophir)
  • Laser energy sensor - EnergyMax-USB J-10MB-HE Energy Sensor (Coherent)
  • Laser power sensor - S305C Compact Thermal Power Sensor, Surface Absorber, 0.19 - 25 µm, 5 W (Thorlabs)
  • E-Series UV Lamp, ENF-260C/FE, dual wavelength with LONGLIFETM filter assembly (FA), long wave (UV-A, 365 nm), short wave (UV-C, 254 nm)

Spectrometer with CCD camera

  • Spectrometer Shamrock 500; with dual exitports; Focal length: 500 mm; Aperture: F/6,5; 3 diffraction gratings 300 l/mm - blaze 500 nm, 1200 l/mm - blaze 500 nm and 300 l/mm - blaze 1200 nm
  • Silicon detector - Open Electrode iDus 420 CCD camera with 1024 x 255 pixels, 26 µm, 200-1100 nm spectral range
  • Nominal dispersion of 1.44 nm/mm, spectral resolution 0.07 nm (at slit size of 20 µm width)

CNI multiwavelength 2W CW laser with function generator

  • CW diode laser with 808, 975, 1208 and 1532 nm wavelenghts (2 watts)
  • Possibility of multiwavelength excitation
  • Equipped with Gwinstek function generator (Hz to MHz)

NIR LASER 975 nm - Continuous wave (CW) solid state diode pumped (SSDP)

  • FC-PC 975 nm (CW) LASER, 2W (after fiber), power stability <1%, 200/400 μm silica fiber (metal cover), 2 m length, LCD display, TTL 1Hz-5kHz (possibility of coupling with pulse generator)
  • Company: CNI

Deuterium lamp (with halogen light source)

  • Fibre-coupled deuterium-halogen light source, with TTL shutter
  • Spectral ranges: 190-400 nm (for deuterium lamp); 360-2500 nm (for halogen lamp)
  • Lamp power: 78W / 0.75A (deuterium)
  • Lamp lifetime: 2000 hrs (deuterium)
  • Optical power at 1000 µm fiber: 206 µW
  • Power supply: 100-240VAC 50/60 Hz
  • Dimensions: 315 x 165 x 140 mm, ca. 5 kg
  • Company: Avantes

Multi-wavelength (UV-vis-NIR) continuous wave light source, based on high-power LED

  • Available wavelengths: 270-290, 340-350, 360-370, 380-390, 400-410, 420-430, 450-460, 630-640, 730-740, 850-860
  • Focusable LEDs
  • Automatic positioning/adjustment/calibration of the LEDs
  • Adjustable light intensity (by PC)
  • Controlled by a PC (USB connection)
  • Power supply: 230 V, 50 Hz or 115 V, 60 Hz.
  • Dimensions: 121 x 112 x 132 mm (l x w x h)
  • Light intensity adjustment: from PC
  • LED on optical axis: automatized
  • Company: Instytut Fotonowy

Mixed Domain Oscilloscope - 200 MHz - Tektronix MDO3022

  • 2 analog channels
  • 200 MHz bandwidth models
  • Bandwidth is upgradable (up to 1 GHz)
  • Up to 5 GS/s sample rate
  • 10 M record length on all channels
  • >280,000 wfm/s maximum waveform capture rate

Fluorescence Spectrophotometer Hitachi F-7000

  • A compact system used in luminescence measurements of the emission and excitation spectra and lifetimes for both solid and liquid samples at room and liquid nitrogen (-196 oC) temperature
  • Light source - 150 W xenon lamp, self-deozonating lamp house
  • Measuring wavelength range (on both EX and EM) - 200 to 900 nm, and zero-order light
  • Wavelength scan speed - 30, 60, 240, 1,200, 2,400, 12,000, 30,000, 60,000 nm/min

FT/IR-4200 FT-IR Spectrometer

  • Measurement of the spectra in the IR range in order to determine structure of the compounds prepared in the form of pellets.
  • Standard wavenumber measurement range: 7,800 to 350 cm-1
  • Maximum resolution: 0.5 cm-1
  • S/N ratio: 30,000 : 1
  • Light source: High-intensity ceramic source

UV-Vis/NIR spectrophotometer JASCO V-770

  • Wavelength Range: 190 - 2700 nm 
  • Detection system: PMT detector for UV-Vis region and a Peltier-cooled PbS detector for NIR region
  • Measurement mode: transmission (liquids in a cuvette) and reflection (solids in an integrating sphere)
  • Accessories: Integrating Sphere - 150 mm size, UV-Vis-NIR range
  • Allows measurements of turbid liquids and solids in diffuse transmittance or reflectance mode

Zetasizer Nano ZS

The Zetasizer Nano ZS is a high performance two angle particle and molecular size analyzer for the enhanced detection of aggregates and measurement of small or dilute samples, and samples at very low or high concentration using dynamic light scattering with ‘NIBS’ optics. The ZSP also incorporates a zeta potential analyzer that uses electrophoretic light scattering for particles, molecules and surfaces, and a molecular weight analyzer using static light scattering.

  • Parameters measured: Particle and molecule size, translational diffusion, electrophoretic mobility, zeta potential of particles at high and low concentrations, viscosity and viscoelasticity of protein and polymer solutions, concentration, MW, A2, kD.
  • Size measurement from 0.3nm (diameter) to 10 microns using patented NIBS (Non-Invasive Back Scatter) technology.
  • Molecular weight measurement down to 980Da.
  • Sample concentrations from 0.1ppm to 40%w/v.
  • Automation of measurements using an autotitrator option
  • Alternative laser, 50mW at 532nm for samples incompatible with the standard 633nm laser.
  • Optical filter option to improve measurements with fluorescent sample.
  • Temperature range extension option to 120 ̊C.

Stereo Microscope IPOS – 810 with CCD camera

  • Eyepiece WF20x/12mm
  • Eyepiece (micrometric) WF20x/12mm
  • Eyepiece (micrometric) WF10x/22mm
  • CCD camera DLT CAM PRO 6,3MP Pro (USB 3.0)
  • Polarization set
  • Company: Delta Optics